As we grow older our bodies age, from our skin and bones and also joints to organs, glands and muscle mass, but our eyes age too. When we are young the lenses within the eyes, called the natural crystalline lens, is clear as well as flexible, and also can focus easily from close to far, changing its focus depending on the distance at which the object to be seen is. People of all ages might require using glasses to help them see far or near, yet when we are more youthful this is usually because of the shape of the eye or the irregular or uneven structure of our cornea or lens.
From around the age of 40 the natural crystalline lens starts to get cloudy and much more ridged, this implies that the lens can’t focus as it used to. This problem is called presbyopia. Everybody’s eyes age at different speeds, but the older we get, the more the lenses cloud and also become less flexible, as well as the probability of needing help reading or with near vision becomes extra apparent, and also for lots of older people cataracts begin to develop.
When Should You Visit an Ophthalmologist or Eye Doctor/Eye Clinic?
While a great deal of the population use glasses from a young age and will regularly see an eye doctor or visit an eye clinic to have their eyes tested or retested or for an eye exam, there are signs you can keep an eye out for as you grow older to suggest that you need to see an expert or specialist or eye doctor or ophthalmologist for reading or near vision options:
1. Struggling to read or do other close up tasks and also finding you are having to move things even more away from your eyes to read or see information
2. That you start to get a migraine when reading or doing close up jobs
3. You find that it is difficult to read small print in low light, say the menu card in a fine dining restaurant
4. Developing aching eyes when reading or doing close up tasks
The above indicators can suggest that you need to have an extensive eye examination and also discuss reading or near vision solutions with your eye doctor.
Reading and also Near Vision Solutions
There are a few alternatives you may be able to select from when it pertains to considering reading and also near vision options:
1. Off the Shelf Reading Glasses – these are reading glasses that you can purchase in supermarkets or pharmacies, and even other shops now as well. They are normally affordable and might be the very first ‘fast solution’ you get when initially finding you need help with near vision. Whilst they might be a good alternative to begin with, specifically if you are awaiting an appointment to see an eye expert or ophthalmologist, they may not totally correct your vision. Off the rack reading glasses cannot fix your vision if you have a different reading prescription in each eye as well as they also cannot deal with any astigmatism you might have. While they may be a good alternative to start with, you ought to ensure you see an eye clinic for a full eye test.
2. Prescription Reading Glasses – these are glasses that have actually been personalized and individualized by an optician with the help of an optometrist to fit your reading/near vision prescription. They will think about any type of distinctions in eye strength, astigmatism or other refractive errors, and also will fit well on your face to provide the best solution.
3. Bifocal or Trifocal Glasses – these glasses are for people that need glasses for near, intermediate, and also distance vision i.e. for all the distances. Some people do not like having to use more than one pair of glasses and also having bifocal lenses in your eye glasses will certainly correct near vision as well as distance vision, and trifocal lenses provide near vision, intermediate vision, and distance vision. Both alternatives are totally personalized to you and your eyes.
Nowadays, a number of individuals find glasses inconvenient, interfering with natural good looks and find they don’t fit in with their way of life, which is fast, zippy with lots of physical, outdoor activity. However, there is an option for this: surgical treatment to deal with near vision and/or cataracts called refractive lens exchange (RLE), where your natural, crystalline lens is exchanged with an artificial lens. This treatment is comparable to cataract surgical procedure, where the natural crystalline lens is removed utilizing phacoemulsification and also a brand-new synthetic lens is inserted in its place. If you have a cataract this procedure will be called ‘cataract surgical treatment’, yet if you have this treatment purely for vision adjustment it is referred to as ‘refractive lens exchange’ and also will certainly eliminate the development of cataracts in the future.
There are a couple of other lens choices that can be implanted and the one selected will certainly be chosen by your ophthalmologist taking in to account suitability, lifestyle, and your expectations. All the lens options are available in a range of strengths or can be tailor-made for your eyes as well as there are additionally alternatives, called toric lenses, which will, along with the below solutions, will certainly remedy any kind of astigmatism you might have.
1. Mono-focal – a mono-focal lens implant is utilized to fix distance vision only, where after surgery you will certainly still need the use of reading glasses. This is normally used for people that just want to eliminate cataracts and/or are happy to continue using reading glasses.
2. Mono-focal Monovision – this is where a mono-focal lens of different strength is put in each eye, one eye will be corrected for distance and also one eye fixed for reading. While some people really get on with this arrangement, others cannot tolerate the difference. This alternative ought to be tried with you initially, making use of either contact lenses or a demonstration in clinic.
3. Trifocal or Extended Array – these lenses can correct near, intermediate, and distance vision and are popular with individuals that wish to be spectacles free as much as feasible.
All the above alternatives are simply an overview and also if you are thinking about any of the options, whether surgical or not, you need to go for a full eye examination with a trusted eye clinic. If you are considering surgical alternatives, fixing an appointment with a trusted ophthalmologist, who will go over advantages, risks, and also alternatives, is advised.