If you have diabetes and also severe sleep apnoea, you are at high risk of developing an eye problem that can lead to vision loss as well as blindness, a brand-new study finds.
The eye problem is diabetic macular oedema, and the study, conducted over an eight-year period, found the level of a patient’s sleep apnoea is related to the extent of the patient’s diabetic macular oedema.
Previous studies showed a weak connection between diabetic issues and sleep apnoea.
“Based upon these results, we wish that more doctors will consider sleep apnoea as a risk factor for diabetic macular oedema,” claimed the research study’s lead researcher. “This could enable earlier or proactive medical treatment so patients can keep more of their vision without risk of vision loss as well as preserve their general wellness as high, which will now be more than feasible.”
What is diabetic macular oedema?
Diabetic macular oedema, or DME, is caused when blood vessels leak from diabetic retinopathy causing liquid to accumulate in the macula, the part of the retina in charge of visual acuity as well as colour vision.
This study suggests that sleep apnoea might add to the progression and worsening of diabetic retinopathy by increasing insulin resistance, increasing inflammation and also elevating blood pressure.
Poor control of blood glucose and various other clinical problems – including high blood pressure – raise the risk of blindness for people with DME, which can occur at any kind of phase of diabetic retinopathy.
Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment
To prevent DME, doctors recommend that you:
– Maintain good levels of blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol
– Undergo a thorough dilated eye exam a minimum of annually
– Exercise regularly
– Keep a healthy and balanced diet regimen
If you discover any kind of substantial changes in your vision (even if you don’t have diabetes), consult with your ophthalmologist right away. Symptoms of diabetic macular oedema include:
– Blurry vision
– Double vision
– Unexpected increase in eye floaters
Treatment for DME consists of:
– Laser treatment to close and also destroy leaking blood vessels
– Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) medicines, which block growth of new blood vessels and also restrict leakage from abnormal blood capillaries in the eye.
– Steroids injected into the eye or delivered over time by an injectable eye implant.